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About Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition that generally affects the innermost lining (mucosa) of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Ulcerative colitis symptoms typically involve the lining becoming inflamed (red and swollen) and tiny open sores (ulcers) forming on the surface of the lining. These ulcers might bleed – in fact, bleeding from the rectum is often a first sign that something’s not quite right. The inflamed lining also produces a larger than normal amount of intestinal lubricant or mucus, which sometimes contains pus. Most people with this condition respond well to colitis treatment, but in more severe cases, surgery may become a necessary path.

How does ulcerative colitis affect the intestines?

Inflammation ‘attacks’ the innermost lining of the colon known as the mucosa, resulting in bleeding and diarrhoea.

The inflammation is most often located in the rectum and lower colon, but can also involve other parts of the colon, sometimes even the entire colon. Less often, it might involve other parts of the intestine. Depending on the exact location of the inflammation, ulcerative colitis is known by other names:

  • Proctitis: involves only the rectum
  • Proctosigmoiditis: involves the rectum and sigmoid colon (the lower segment of the colon before the rectum)
  • Distal colitis: involves only the left side of the colon
  • Pancolitis: involves the entire colon
  • Backwash ileitis: involves the distal ileum.

Additional Information:

The latest news and Research

News

Snack ideas for Crohn’s disease

Posted: November 14 2019

During remission When symptoms are in remission, it is important to eat a nutrient-rich diet, which should include: Fiber: However, high fiber diets are not good for some people with Crohn’s. Protein: Stick with sources of lean protein, such as fish, eggs, nuts, and tofu. Calcium: Choose lactose free products, if dairy is a trigger, […]

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Personal Story

“They told me candies, milkshakes, and pizza were all fine”

Posted: November 14 2019

Scott Lippman was on a vacation with his wife in Central America in 2013 when he suddenly got sick. “We were nervous about it, so we cut the trip short,” says Lippman. Back home in New York, though, he wasn’t getting better. In fact, little by little, he was getting worse. “I was losing weight. […]

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Research

Patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease demonstrate increased risk for psychiatric illnesses

Individuals with ulcerative colitis (UC) or Crohn disease (CD) are more likely to have depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder.

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease, including UC and CD, have been shown to be at increased risk for psychiatric illnesses, although most previous studies have had limited patient populations. The researchers retrospectively reviewed a large commercial database of information collected between 2013 and 2019 to better define the epidemiology of several psychiatric illnesses (depression, anxiety, bipolar […]

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Personal Story

How to become a loud, proud advocate for people with ulcerative colitis

Posted: November 14 2019

When I was diagnosed with ulcerative colitis (UC) in 2012, I sensed my life was going to change drastically — and not just because of the everyday work of managing my symptoms. My feelings were confirmed when I was admitted for my first long hospital stay, during which I learned I had pancolitis, a form […]

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News

Australia’s enthusiasm for medicinal emu oil takes flight, as producers push to keep up with demand

Posted: November 12 2019

Veteran emu farmer Wayne Piltz said the market has grown significantly in recent years, but production has not risen with it. Mr Piltz, now the only emu farmer in South Australia, currently has about 1,000 chicks at his Moorook farm in the state’s Riverland region. “It’s just got to the stage where there’s a lot […]

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Personal Story

Lemonade stand helps fight Cronh’s disease

Posted: November 12 2019

On the Friday before Labor Day, a quiet side street in Canton, Massachusetts, is buzzing with activity. Cars line both sides of the street, and kids ride their bikes back and forth. Local firetrucks and police cars sound their alarms in celebration. In fact, it seems the entire town of Canton has descended upon the […]

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