Skip to main content

About Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory condition that generally affects the innermost lining (mucosa) of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. Ulcerative colitis symptoms typically involve the lining becoming inflamed (red and swollen) and tiny open sores (ulcers) forming on the surface of the lining. These ulcers might bleed – in fact, bleeding from the rectum is often a first sign that something’s not quite right. The inflamed lining also produces a larger than normal amount of intestinal lubricant or mucus, which sometimes contains pus. Most people with this condition respond well to colitis treatment, but in more severe cases, surgery may become a necessary path.

How does ulcerative colitis affect the intestines?

Inflammation ‘attacks’ the innermost lining of the colon known as the mucosa, resulting in bleeding and diarrhoea.

The inflammation is most often located in the rectum and lower colon, but can also involve other parts of the colon, sometimes even the entire colon. Less often, it might involve other parts of the intestine. Depending on the exact location of the inflammation, ulcerative colitis is known by other names:

  • Proctitis: involves only the rectum
  • Proctosigmoiditis: involves the rectum and sigmoid colon (the lower segment of the colon before the rectum)
  • Distal colitis: involves only the left side of the colon
  • Pancolitis: involves the entire colon
  • Backwash ileitis: involves the distal ileum.

Additional Information:

The latest news and Research

News

Inflammatory bowel disease tied to heart attack risk

Posted: January 2 2019

(Reuters Health) – – People with inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis may be up to 12 times more likely to have a heart attack, a U.S. study suggests. Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) involves chronic or recurring inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. Ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s are the most common forms. People […]

Read more

News

Photos of ‘Moon Face’ on Social Media

Posted: December 12 2018

“Moon face,” or the round face some people get while using steroids like prednisone, is a common and sometimes difficult side effect of chronic illness. Though opening up about how hard it can be when your face changes shape isn’t always easy, many chronic warriors have taken to Twitter to show off their own moon face […]

Read more

News

Cannabis easing their chronic pain. Now their father is facing jail

Posted: December 12 2018

After years watching his daughters Morgan and Ariel suffer from the chronic auto-immune disease Crohn’s, Stephen Taylor decided to research medical cannabis. “A couple of times there I carried Morgan into hospital weighing around 32 kilograms — actually carrying her in my arms and crying.” Morgan, 21, and Ariel, 25, have both been repeatedly hospitalised […]

Read more

News

Tired of hearing comments about your Weight?

Posted: December 12 2018

Weight is an emotionally charged subject for many people. For those living with Crohn’s disease, it’s an even more difficult topic, as weight loss and gain aren’t always in their control. Between flare-ups, courses of steroids, and sometimes even surgery, fluctuations on the scale are a somewhat inevitable part of living with the condition. One thing that certainly doesn’t help? Judgmental, […]

Read more

News

Can neuro-linguistic programming help you retrain your brain with language?

Posted: December 3 2018

NLP explores the relationships between how we think (neuro), how we communicate (linguistic) and our patterns of behaviour and emotions (programs). Martin Probst, an NLP master practitioner, uses NLP to help people overcome phobias. “The brain blows certain things out of proportion — a trigger is involved and the brain takes over from there. We […]

Read more

Case Study

Ulcerative colitis could be increasing the risk of contracting pulmonary diseases

Posted: December 3 2018

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is thought of as a multi-organ disease with frequent extra-intestinal manifestations. Pulmonary manifestations of IBD are rare, but when they occur, they pose a challenge to definitive diagnosis. If pulmonary involvement occurs while IBD is under control, it is far more difficult to diagnose, primarily because the clinical manifestations are complicated […]

Read more