Diet, the human gut microbiota, and IBD
By Gary D.Wu, Frederic D.Bushman, James D.Lewis
Gut Microbiota is the name given to a large number of microorganisms that live in the human gut. They have significant importance in maintaining a healthy digestive system. However they also a key factor in establishing the manner of development of various diseases (pathogenesis) including IBD. With a rapid increase in incidents over recent decades scientists suspect that factors such as age, genetics and diet may influence the composition of microbiota subsequently contributing to the onset of IBD. Following a comprehensive study into these factors researchers concluded that the co-exclusion of Prevotellaceae and Bacteroides (more common in agricultural societies) is rapidly rising in industrialised nations which may be a contributing factor to the condition.
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