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Diet and Clear-Mindedness Affects Psychosocial Needs in IBD Patients

Researchers set out to determine which psychosocial needs are most affected in IBD patients and how they relate to patients’ beliefs regarding their own health.

Among 10 different psychosocial needs, diet and a lack of clear-mindedness were the ones most patients with inflammatory bowel disease felt were affected by their disease, a study reports.

The study, “An Exploratory Study of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and the Psychosocial Factors Affecting Health-Related Quality of Life,” was published in Medical Sciences.

Although previous studies have shown that IBD has a negative impact on patients’ quality of life, no study ever analyzed how IBD affects their psychosocial needs, which are those that related to emotional and mental well-being.

“This is an important area to explore due to the chronicity of the illness, its high incidence in a younger population, the often-embarrassing nature of its presentation and the limited public awareness of the disease. These factors combined present daily challenges to sufferers, many of whom are in the critical years of social and professional development,” the researchers wrote.

Results showed that most IBD patients felt their disease had a negative impact on their diet (87%), followed by lack of clear-mindedness (61%) and limitations placed on their leisure and hobbies (57%). The psychosocial need patients thought was least affected was the ability to maintain good hygiene (32%).

Overall, 56% of the patients reported difficulties in coping with their disease, while 44% did not. Regarding social support adequacy, 79% of the participants felt they received proper support, whereas 21% thought they lacked adequate support.

“Evidence-based dietary guidelines for patients with IBD are needed to address the overwhelming concern of patients with diet. Secondly, the organization of awareness campaigns for the general public as well as employers are useful adjuncts to patient support groups,” they added.

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Posted on: February 14 2019

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